War Crimes

I have found information about War Crimes that can be useful when discussing how to end war and foster peace.

Paul Rockwell of Oakland, California has actually submitted a prima facie case to the International Criminal Court regarding war crimes by the US in Iraq.

"For the high officials who planned and supervised military operations in Iraq, the "shock-and-awe" campaign encompasses three major types of war crimes, all in violation of the Geneva Conventions of 1949: The "wanton destruction of cities, towns, and villages" in violation of the Nuremberg principles. The premeditated use of weapons known to cause unnecessary suffering and indiscriminate destruction. The use of depleted uranium, the poison of radiation that is destroying the lives of untold numbers of civilians and soldiers, including American personnel.
We are not referring to incidental transgressions of humanitarian law, or even the war crimes of desperate infantrymen in the heat of battle -- like soldiers who recently fired bullets into crowds of anti-occupation demonstrators in Iraq -- follies committed out of fear, confusion, and the hatred that all war evokes. It's not the crimes of passion, but the crimes of calculation that require moral reappraisal."

See the US War crimes on Iraq

War Crimes Committed by the United States in Iraq and Mechanisms for Accountability

Here is an article from BBC News that lays out some of the facts about war crime - by Tarik Kafala .

"As of June 2003, 139 countries had signed the Rome treaty that establishes the International Criminal Court and 90 countries had ratified it.
The United States has refused to sign the treaty, arguing the court could be used to pursue politically motivated prosecutions.
The question of whether international courts of this kind are political - as Mr Milosevic and others have argued - hangs over all international legal institutions.
In a sense it is true that the tribunals are political since the international political will to establish and fund them has to exist before they can get to work.
Critics of international courts often argue that international justice can only be truly legitimate when all war crimes, committed by any county, come under the jurisdiction of a single international court. "

This is from the International Committee of the Red Cross.

"The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols are international treaties that contain the most important rules limiting the barbarity of war. They protect people who do not take part in the fighting (civilians, medics, aid workers) and those who can no longer fight (wounded, sick and shipwrecked troops, prisoners of war).